Firewall Regeln für Debian

Port Regeln

# Akzeptiere Traffic auf Port 80 (HTTP)
-A INPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT

IP Regeln

# Eine IP sperren
iptables -I INPUT -s 123.123.123.123 -j DROP
 
# Eine gesperrte IP freigeben
iptables -D INPUT -s 123.123.123.123 -j DROP

Beispielkonfiguration (nicht ungeprüft übernehmen!)

*filter
 
# Allows all loopback (lo0) traffic and drop all traffic to 127/8 that doesn't use lo0
-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT ! -i lo -d 127.0.0.0/8 -j REJECT
 
# Accepts all established inbound connections
-A INPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
 
# Allows all outbound traffic
# You could modify this to only allow certain traffic
-A OUTPUT -j ACCEPT
 
# Allows HTTP and HTTPS connections from anywhere (the normal ports for websites)
-A INPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT
 
# Samba
-A INPUT -p udp --dport 137 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p udp --dport 138 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp --dport 139 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp --dport 445 -j ACCEPT
 
 
# Allows SSH connections for script kiddies
# THE -dport NUMBER IS THE SAME ONE YOU SET UP IN THE SSHD_CONFIG FILE
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
 
# Now you should read up on iptables rules and consider whether ssh access 
# for everyone is really desired. Most likely you will only allow access from certain IPs.
 
# Allow ping
-A INPUT -p icmp -m icmp --icmp-type 8 -j ACCEPT
 
# log iptables denied calls (access via 'dmesg' command)
-A INPUT -m limit --limit 5/min -j LOG --log-prefix "iptables denied: " --log-level 7
 
# Reject all other inbound - default deny unless explicitly allowed policy:
-A INPUT -j REJECT
-A FORWARD -j REJECT
 
COMMIT
Drucken/exportieren
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